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“老头乐”乐不出来了

????本文来自微信公众号:侠客岛(ID:xiake_island),作者:木舟子。头图来自视觉中国。原文标题为《一个值得关注和讨论的社会现象,
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,驾驶事故频发下,“老头乐”乐不出来了。,
,河北张家口市,一辆白色电动代步车将5名成人及6名学生撞倒。北京丰台区,大爷驾驶代步车,撞向停在路边的摩托车和私家车后,淡定离开现场。,
,数据显示,2013~2018年,因老年代步车引发的交通事故多达83万起。更残酷的是,1.8万人因此丧生,18.6万人受到不同程度的身体损伤。,
,ag网投开户|注册千万条,安全第一条。驾驶不合规,路人两行泪。,
,老年代步车满足了方便舒适的驾驶需求,但合规和安全这一关怎么过,是生产商、监管方乃至全社会,避无可避的问题。,
,,
,刚需,
,中国进入老龄化社会,大量老年人的ag网投开户|注册需求亟待满足。,
,在中青年人群投入繁忙的工作时,不少退休老人担起了买菜做饭、带孙辈的家务重任。除此之外,老年人也有自己的ag网投开户|注册需求,比如走亲访友、买药看病等。,
,他们出门都靠什么?是否方便?,
,《老人ag网投开户|注册习惯调查报告》显示,公交车、地铁、步行是主要方式;频繁换乘、大量步行,是ag网投开户|注册现状。,
,接受调查的老年人中,56.36%主要依靠公交车;20.59%则是自行车及机动车;19.41%坐地铁;实在没交通工具可选时,就步行。,
,听上去挺无奈的是吧?恰在这时,老年代步车应运而生。,
,,
,法宝,
,老年代步车,官方名称为“低速电动车”。体积小、运转灵活,堪称菜市场拼杀利器、接孙子制胜法宝。,
,这样一款深得老年人厚爱的车,从诞生之日起,完成了多次更新迭代。起初,它是形似火三轮的摩托车;后来,它变为“敞篷”四轮。,
,直到今天,它的配套设施愈发完备。自带倒车雷达、后视镜、雨刮器,俨然迷你版小汽车。,
,说得挺热闹,但这类车卖得好吗?市场规模有多大?,
,数据显示,自2013年起,低速电动车行业迅速发展,到目前已达年产100万辆、社会保有量300万辆、产值300亿元。,
,前瞻产业研究院的报告说,到2020年,预计我国低速电动车的保有量,将扩大到1000万辆以上,市场规模也将达到千亿级别。,
,市场规模大则大矣,但用户群体特殊。因此,若不能保证安全生产、合规上路。则市场越大,危险越多。,
,上路,
,复盘“老年代步车”前世今生,它最初只是医疗器械,帮助行动不便的人安全便捷ag网投开户|注册。,
,鉴于驾驶者为老年人,因此,车不能开快了。道理很简单——预留充足反应时间。有研究显示,从15岁到75岁以上,人的年龄每增加5岁,制动反应时间就延长2%。,
,出于安全考虑,老年代步车的车速,基本控制在每小时 10 公里之内。另外,它绝对不能在机动车道上行驶。,
,不过,如今在全国各地道路上出现的“老年代步车”,不少的速度可达40至50公里每小时,且四轮代步车基本都在机动车道上奔跑着。,
,速度飙起来了,还跟机动车并驾齐驱,就应该被纳入机动车范畴,接受合规管控。可实际情况是,它落在了监管的中空地带。,
,根据目前的交通法规,车辆按照机动车、非机动车分别管理。按理说,老年代步车更类似于电动自行车、“残摩”等非机动车,但它并未被如此划分。,
,此外,老年代步车们没有牌照也不应在机动车道上行驶,似乎也不能算作机动车。,
,身份无法定义,监管自是难题。,
,,
,劣质,
,除了身份成谜和时常上演“生死时速”外,车辆的制造生产,也存在不少隐患。,
,近日,央视探访过一家制造商,情况触目惊心。,
,“前面一个门面房卖车,后面搭个棚子造车。用铁皮打造的车身占据市场主流。用来包裹车身的铁皮,厚度最多不超过2毫米,且没有经过任何安全测试。”,
,厂商称,“里面这些电机啥的都一样,就是壳子不一样”。只要仿着车壳,就能做出车来。,
,中国汽车技术研究中心专家黄永和说,近年来,我国低速电动车生产和市场规模无序扩张,生产企业数量已超过百家,产销规模已超过百万辆。,
,但是多数低速电动车产品,并不符合现行机动车安全的技术标准要求,生产企业也不具备机动车生产资质。,
,无牌无证无保险的老年代步车们,大摇大摆地上路通行,给道路交通安全和通行秩序,带来严重的冲击和挑战。,
,,
,良方,
,那该怎么办?,
,不少行业人士建议,老年代步车划归什么领域,要如何监管,一定要明确起来。此外,车辆生产标准、登记管理、驾驶人培训、制定保险制度等方面,也要下功夫。,
,中国人民公安大学交通管理工程系的学者们,给了新鲜观点。他们认为,不妨从老年人驾驶能力和道路设计方面入手。,
,如果能对反应速度和处置能力进行定期检测,筛选出合格驾驶人员,那驾驶安全性不就更有保障了吗?,
,如何检测?中国人民公安大学副教授刘东等学者说,可以采用模拟驾驶器,进行交通信号辨认试验。,
,试验的主要目的,是检测老年驾驶员的速度估计、复杂反应判断误反应次数、操纵机能误操作次数、夜视力、动视力、深视力等指标。,
,要是条件成熟,可以将老年人的医疗记录,与从事老年驾驶人体检工作的检测记录相关联。,
,当发现身体状况不符合驾驶要求,就及时通报交通管理部门,劝驾驶人暂别驾车生涯。,
,学者们还建议,不能只盯着老年驾驶人。他们的驾驶能力固然重要,但外部环境的辅助,也必不可少。,
,美国联邦公路局有个妙招。它对交通标志、标线进行了调整,所有标志和标线都简单明了,而且组成要素间距大。,
,此外,一律使用形象化符号,且符号、文字与背景色之间保持最大对比度。这样的交通设施设计,充分照顾到了老年驾驶人的特性,也给了我们很好的借鉴。,
,随着中国机动车保有量的增加,和老龄化社会的到来, 老年人的安全驾驶显得越来越迫切。,
,不少欧美国家已将“维护、保障老年人交通安全”提上了政府的议事日程。从亚洲来看,邻国日本也将“老龄者交通安全对策”列为重要课题。,
,从这个角度看,“老头乐”乐不出来,也为我们敲响安全ag网投开户|注册的警钟,提示我们,在交通规划与设计方面,兼顾效率和公平,需要结合老年人的ag网投开户|注册特征,设身处地进行设计和管理。,
,这不仅是为老年人的福祉考虑,也必将提升我国道路交通管理能力的升级,让更多人安全ag网投开户|注册、平安回家。,
,本文来自微信公众号:侠客岛(ID:xiake_island),作者:木舟子

ben wen lai zi wei xin gong zhong hao: xia ke dao ID: xiake_island, zuo zhe: mu zhou zi. tou tu lai zi shi jue zhong guo. yuan wen biao ti wei yi ge zhi de guan zhu he tao lun de she hui xian xiang,,,, jia shi shi gu pin fa xia," lao tou le" le bu chu lai le.,, he bei zhang jia kou shi, yi liang bai se dian dong dai bu che jiang 5 ming cheng ren ji 6 ming xue sheng zhuang dao. bei jing feng tai qu, da ye jia shi dai bu che, zhuang xiang ting zai lu bian de mo tuo che he si jia che hou, dan ding li kai xian chang.,, shu ju xian shi, 2013 2018 nian, yin lao nian dai bu che yin fa de jiao tong shi gu duo da 83 wan qi. geng can ku de shi, 1. 8 wan ren yin ci sang sheng, 18. 6 wan ren shou dao bu tong cheng du de shen ti sun shang.,, chu xing qian wan tiao, an quan di yi tiao. jia shi bu he gui, lu ren liang xing lei.,, lao nian dai bu che man zu le fang bian shu shi de jia shi xu qiu, dan he gui he an quan zhe yi guan zen me guo, shi sheng chan shang jian guan fang nai zhi quan she hui, bi wu ke bi de wen ti.,,,, gang xu,, zhong guo jin ru lao ling hua she hui, da liang lao nian ren de chu xing xu qiu ji dai man zu.,, zai zhong qing nian ren qun tou ru fan mang de gong zuo shi, bu shao tui xiu lao ren dan qi le mai cai zuo fan dai sun bei de jia wu zhong ren. chu ci zhi wai, lao nian ren ye you zi ji de chu xing xu qiu, bi ru zou qin fang you mai yao kan bing deng.,, ta men chu men dou kao shen me? shi fou fang bian?,, lao ren chu xing xi guan diao zha bao gao xian shi, gong jiao che di tie bu xing shi zhu yao fang shi pin fan huan cheng da liang bu xing, shi chu xing xian zhuang.,, jie shou diao cha de lao nian ren zhong, 56. 36 zhu yao yi kao gong jiao che 20. 59 ze shi zi xing che ji ji dong che 19. 41 zuo di tie shi zai mei jiao tong gong ju ke xuan shi, jiu bu xing.,, ting shang qu ting wu nai de shi ba? qia zai zhe shi, lao nian dai bu che ying yun er sheng.,,,, fa bao,, lao nian dai bu che, guan fang ming cheng wei" di su dian dong che". ti ji xiao yun zhuan ling huo, kan cheng cai shi chang pin sha li qi jie sun zi zhi sheng fa bao.,, zhe yang yi kuan shen de lao nian ren hou ai de che, cong dan sheng zhi ri qi, wan cheng le duo ci geng xin die dai. qi chu, ta shi xing si huo san lun de mo tuo che hou lai, ta bian wei" chang peng" si lun.,, zhi dao jin tian, ta de pei tao she shi yu fa wan bei. zi dai dao che lei da hou shi jing yu gua qi, yan ran mi ni ban xiao qi che.,, shuo de ting re nao, dan zhe lei che mai de hao ma? shi chang gui mo you duo da?,, shu ju xian shi, zi 2013 nian qi, di su dian dong che hang ye xun su fa zhan, dao mu qian yi da nian chan 100 wan liang she hui bao you liang 300 wan liang chan zhi 300 yi yuan.,, qian zhan chan ye yan jiu yuan de bao gao shuo, dao 2020 nian, yu ji wo guo di su dian dong che de bao you liang, jiang kuo da dao 1000 wan liang yi shang, shi chang gui mo ye jiang da dao qian yi ji bie.,, shi chang gui mo da ze da yi, dan yong hu qun ti te shu. yin ci, ruo bu neng bao zheng an quan sheng chan he gui shang lu. ze shi chang yue da, wei xian yue duo.,, shang lu,, fu pan" lao nian dai bu che" qian shi jin sheng, ta zui chu zhi shi yi liao qi xie, bang zhu xing dong bu bian de ren an quan bian jie chu xing.,, jian yu jia shi zhe wei lao nian ren, yin ci, che bu neng kai kuai le. dao li hen jian dan yu liu chong zu fan ying shi jian. you yan jiu xian shi, cong 15 sui dao 75 sui yi shang, ren de nian ling mei zeng jia 5 sui, zhi dong fan ying shi jian jiu yan chang 2.,, chu yu an quan kao lv, lao nian dai bu che de che su, ji ben kong zhi zai mei xiao shi 10 gong li zhi nei. ling wai, ta jue dui bu neng zai ji dong che dao shang xing shi.,, bu guo, ru jin zai quan guo ge di dao lu shang chu xian de" lao nian dai bu che", bu shao de su du ke da 40 zhi 50 gong li mei xiao shi, qie si lun dai bu che ji ben dou zai ji dong che dao shang ben pao zhe.,, su du biao qi lai le, hai gen ji dong che bing jia qi qu, jiu ying gai bei na ru ji dong che fan chou, jie shou he gui guan kong. ke shi ji qing kuang shi, ta luo zai le jian guan de zhong kong di dai.,, gen ju mu qian de jiao tong fa gui, che liang an zhao ji dong che fei ji dong che fen bie guan li. an li shuo, lao nian dai bu che geng lei si yu dian dong zi xing che" can mo" deng fei ji dong che, dan ta bing wei bei ru ci hua fen.,, ci wai, lao nian dai bu che men mei you pai zhao ye bu ying zai ji dong che dao shang xing shi, si hu ye bu neng suan zuo ji dong che.,, shen fen wu fa ding yi, jian guan zi shi nan ti.,,,, lie zhi,, chu le shen fen cheng mi he shi chang shang yan" sheng si shi su" wai, che liang de zhi zao sheng chan, ye cun zai bu shao yin huan.,, jin ri, yang shi tan fang guo yi jia zhi zao shang, qing kuang chu mu jing xin.,," qian mian yi ge men mian fang mai che, hou mian da ge peng zi zao che. yong tie pi da zao de che shen zhan ju shi chang zhu liu. yong lai bao guo che shen de tie pi, hou du zui duo bu chao guo 2 hao mi, qie mei you jing guo ren he an quan ce shi.",, chang shang cheng," li mian zhei xie dian ji sha de dou yi yang, jiu shi ke zi bu yi yang". zhi yao fang zhe che ke, jiu neng zuo chu che lai.,, zhong guo qi che ji shu yan jiu zhong xin zhuan jia huang yong he shuo, jin nian lai, wo guo di su dian dong che sheng chan he shi chang gui mo wu xu kuo zhang, sheng chan qi ye shu liang yi chao guo bai jia, chan xiao gui mo yi chao guo bai wan liang.,, dan shi duo shu di su dian dong che chan pin, bing bu fu he xian xing ji dong che an quan de ji shu biao zhun yao qiu, sheng chan qi ye ye bu ju bei ji dong che sheng chan zi zhi.,, wu pai wu zheng wu bao xian de lao nian dai bu che men, da yao da bai di shang lu tong xing, gei dao lu jiao tong an quan he tong xing zhi xu, dai lai yan zhong de chong ji he tiao zhan.,,,, liang fang,, na gai zen me ban?,, bu shao hang ye ren shi jian yi, lao nian dai bu che hua gui shen me ling yu, yao ru he jian guan, yi ding yao ming que qi lai. ci wai, che liang sheng chan biao zhun deng ji guan li jia shi ren pei xun zhi ding bao xian zhi du deng fang mian, ye yao xia gong fu.,, zhong guo ren min gong an da xue jiao tong guan li gong cheng xi de xue zhe men, gei le xin xian guan dian. ta men ren wei, bu fang cong lao nian ren jia shi neng li he dao lu she ji fang mian ru shou.,, ru guo neng dui fan ying su du he chu zhi neng li jin xing ding qi jian ce, shai xuan chu he ge jia shi ren yuan, na jia shi an quan xing bu jiu geng you bao zhang le ma?,, ru he jian ce? zhong guo ren min gong an da xue fu jiao shou liu dong deng xue zhe shuo, ke yi cai yong mo ni jia shi qi, jin xing jiao tong xin hao bian ren shi yan.,, shi yan de zhu yao mu di, shi jian ce lao nian jia shi yuan de su du gu ji fu za fan ying pan duan wu fan ying ci shu cao zong ji neng wu cao zuo ci shu ye shi li dong shi li shen shi li deng zhi biao.,, yao shi tiao jian cheng shu, ke yi jiang lao nian ren de yi liao ji lu, yu cong shi lao nian jia shi ren ti jian gong zuo de jian ce ji lu xiang guan lian.,, dang fa xian shen ti zhuang kuang bu fu he jia shi yao qiu, jiu ji shi tong bao jiao tong guan li bu men, quan jia shi ren zan bie jia che sheng ya.,, xue zhe men hai jian yi, bu neng zhi ding zhe lao nian jia shi ren. ta men de jia shi neng li gu ran zhong yao, dan wai bu huan jing de fu zhu, ye bi bu ke shao.,, mei guo lian bang gong lu ju you ge miao zhao. ta dui jiao tong biao zhi biao xian jin xing le tiao zheng, suo you biao zhi he biao xian dou jian dan ming liao, er qie zu cheng yao su jian ju da.,, ci wai, yi lv shi yong xing xiang hua fu hao, qie fu hao wen zi yu bei jing se zhi jian bao chi zui da dui bi du. zhe yang de jiao tong she shi she ji, chong fen zhao gu dao le lao nian jia shi ren de te xing, ye gei le wo men hen hao de jie jian.,, sui zhe zhong guo ji dong che bao you liang de zeng jia, he lao ling hua she hui de dao lai, lao nian ren de an quan jia shi xian de yue lai yue po qie.,, bu shao ou mei guo jia yi jiang" wei hu bao zhang lao nian ren jiao tong an quan" ti shang le zheng fu de yi shi ri cheng. cong ya zhou lai kan, lin guo ri ben ye jiang" lao ling zhe jiao tong an quan dui ce" lie wei zhong yao ke ti.,, cong zhe ge jiao du kan," lao tou le" le bu chu lai, ye wei wo men qiao xiang an quan chu xing de jing zhong, ti shi wo men, zai jiao tong gui hua yu she ji fang mian, jian gu xiao lv he gong ping, xu yao jie he lao nian ren de chu xing te zheng, she shen chu di jin xing she ji he guan li.,, zhe bu jin shi wei lao nian ren de fu zhi kao lv, ye bi jiang ti sheng wo guo dao lu jiao tong guan li neng li de sheng ji, rang geng duo ren an quan chu xing ping an hui jia.,, ben wen lai zi wei xin gong zhong hao: xia ke dao ID: xiake_island, zuo zhe: mu zhou zi

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中国证监会对神州数码、东光阳光两个板块的内幕交易案件处罚近970万人。

????中新经纬客户端9月6日电 据证监会网站消息,在6日举行的新闻发布会上,证监会对两宗内幕交易案做ag网投开户|注册政处罚,合计罚没金额达969.58万元。资料图 中新经纬张义华 摄据证监会网站公布的行政处罚决定书显示,在神州数码筹划发行股份及支付现金购买资产并募集配套资金的内幕信息公开前,王驾宇与内幕信息知情人郭某联络,并控制账户集中买入“神州数码”,交易行为明显异常,且无合理解释。根据违法行为的事实、性质、情节与社会危害程度,依据《证券法》第二百零二条规定,证监会决定对王驾宇没收违法所得薛丁山迟帅版优酷_中文资讯平台216.83万,并处以650.48万元罚款。另外,在东阳光科(600673)拟发行股份购买东阳光药内资股股份的内幕信息公开前,内幕信息知情人张勇告诉其配偶周美林此次资产重组计划,并建议周美林买入“东阳光科”,二人分别通过本人账户交易了“东阳光科”;郭梅高、卢英俊及龚彩霞在张杨娃娃_中文资讯平台该内幕信息公开前,与相关内幕信息知情人存在联络接赛尔号艾克里桑_中文资讯平台触,并分别通过本人账户交易“东阳光科”,交易行为明显异常,且无合理解释。根据相关规定,证监会对张勇内幕交易行为处以5万元的罚款,对张勇泄露内幕信息行为处以三星110s_中文资讯平台3万元的罚款,合计处以8万元的罚款;对周美林内幕交易行为处以3万元的罚款。同时,对郭梅高处以10万元的罚款;对卢英俊处以60万元的罚款;没收龚彩霞违法所得5.32万元,并处以15.95万元的罚款。证监会强调,上市公司并购重组领域是内幕交易的高发地带,也是证监会管控、惩治内幕交易违法行为的重点。证监会将持续严厉打击内幕交易违法行为,切实维护公平、公正的市场秩序,保护广大中小投资者合法权益。(中新经纬APP)

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?挑战麦克风陈翔_中文资讯平台???

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